Home » Common mental health issues & how to treat them

Common mental health issues & how to treat them

by Zain Ali
0 comment

Mental health can impact a person’s daily life, relationships, and physical health. External factors in people’s lives and relationships also contribute to their mental wellness. So, taking proper care of mental health can assist a person in maintaining their capability to enjoy life. This includes a proper balance of their activities and responsibilities as well as efforts to attain psychological resilience. There are many rehabs in California that help address common mental health issues. 

Stress, depression, and anxiety can have an impact on mental health and can disrupt the routine of a person’s life. Even if a healthcare professional makes use of the term “mental health,” doctors identify that several mental health conditions have some physical roots. 

Let’s know about common mental health issues:

  • Anxiety disorders: People with anxiety disorders respond to some situations or objects with dread and fear and with some physical signs of panic and anxiety, such as increasing heartbeat and sweating. Diagnosis of anxiety disorder is made when a person does not respond appropriately to any of the situations, when a person cannot keep control of their response, or when anxiety starts interfering with normal functioning. Anxiety disorders include general anxiety disorder, panic disorder, specific phobias, and social anxiety disorder.
  • Mood disorders: These are disorders, also known as affective disorders, which include consistent feelings of sadness or periodic feelings of overwhelming or fluctuating from extreme feelings of happiness to extreme sadness. The most common kinds of mood disorders are depression, bipolar disorder, and cyclothymic disorder.
  • Psychotic disorders: It involves distorted thinking and awareness. Two common symptoms of psychotic disorders are hallucinations, which are experiences of sounds or images that are not real, such as delusions or hearing voices. These are false fixed beliefs that a person with mental illness thinks are true despite the evidence of the opposite. Schizophrenia is another example of a psychotic disorder.
  • Eating disorders: This is a kind of disorder that includes extreme emotions, behaviors, and attitudes involving food and weight. Anorexia nervosa, binge eating disorder, and bulimia nervosa are some of the common eating disorders. 
  • Impulse control and disorder of addiction: People suffering from impulse control disorders cannot resist urges or impulses to perform acts that can be harmful either to themselves or even others. Pyromania, kleptomania, and compulsive gambling are instances of impulse control disorders. Alcohol and drugs are some of the everyday objects of this kind of addiction. Mostly, people with these disorders are so involved with addiction that they start ignoring their responsibilities and interactions.
  • Personality disorder: People having personality disorders have exciting and obstinate personality traits that are stressful to the person and cause issues in work, social relationships, and school. Furthermore, the person’s thinking pattern and behavior substantially differ from the societal expectations, and they are so rigid that they interfere with the person’s normal functioning. Examples are antisocial personality disorder, obsessive-compulsive personality disorder, historical personality, schizoid personality disorder, and paranoid personality disorder.
  • Obsessive-compulsive disorder: People suffering from this common mental health issue experience consistent thoughts or fears that make them carry out some routines or rituals. The disturbing thoughts are known as obsessions, and the rituals are known as compulsions. One example is a person with an irrational fear of gems who consistently wash their hands.
  • Post-traumatic stress disorder: It is a condition that can develop after a traumatic or any kind of terrifying event, like any physical assault or sexual assault—other conditions like the unexpected death of any loved one or any natural disaster. People who have PTSD have long-lasting and terrifying thoughts and memories of the event and tend to be emotionally numbing.

Other kinds of mental health disorders are:

  • Stress response syndromes: Stress response syndromes occur when a person develops emotional or behavioral indicators in response to stressful events or situations. The stressors might involve natural disasters like tornadoes or earthquakes, crises or events like car accidents diagnosing major illnesses, interpersonal issues like divorce, the death of a loved one, job loss, or issues with substance abuse. Stress response syndrome usually starts within the first three months and ends within eight months after the stoppage of a stressor or elimination.
  • Dissociative disorder: People with dissociative disorders suffer from several disturbances or changes in memory, recognition, consciousness, and general awareness of themselves and their surroundings. Such disorders are often associated with irresistible stress, which might be the result of the traumatic events, disasters, and accidents that the individual might experience. Dissociative identity disorder, known as multiple personality disorder or split personality, is one example of dissociative disorder.
  • Tic disorders: People with this disorder create sounds or displays of non-purposeful body movements that they repeat rapidly, suddenly, and uncontrollably. Tourette syndrome is one such example of tic disorder.
  • Factitious disorders: These are conditions where a person knowingly and intentionally creates physical or emotional symptoms to place the individual in the patient role or a person in need of assistance.
  • Somatic disorders: A person suffering from this disorder, formerly called a psychosomatic disorder, experiences symptoms of illness or pain with excessive and uneven levels of stress, no matter whether or not any doctor can look for the medical cause of the symptoms.

Other common health issues, such as sleep apnea, and several forms of dementia, such as Alzheimer’s disease, are also recognized as common mental illnesses as they occur in the brain. There is much concern that people with mental health issues are most often seen as disabled people despite being average-living people. Impaired mental health not only affects a person’s capability to live a fulfilled life and carry out their school, work, or family responsibilities but also results in physical and social issues with some serious effects.

A lot of Americans believe that in the US, a lot of people are suffering from mental health crises along with mental health challenges among children and teenagers. The consistent opioid epidemic and mental illness are specifically critical issues in this nation. This is the reason why there are so many rehabs in California for addressing and treating mental health issues.

By preventing and developing efficient interventions, skilled public health professionals assist individuals with mental health issues.

You may also like

Leave a Comment